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The Greater Bologna Workshop is one of the key outputs of the partnership between the CMI and AVITEM for the organization of the Metropolitan Workshops Series, renewed annually since 2018. Each series of workshops brings together a diverse audience of about 25 participants, interested in better understanding the governance of Mediterranean metropolises and learn about initiatives and responses to their multiple challenges.
Co-organized by AVITEM, CMI and AFD, the 2019 Series was composed of 3 immersion workshops in:
Through 6 webinars, participants discussed various topics such as the geographical, socio-economic and historical background of the city, the urban renewal policies of the city center, mobility policies on a metropolitan scale and territorial resilience issues, particularly those related to climate change.
Bologna Context on Territorial Resilience to Climate Change
A metropolis of nearly one million inhabitants, Bologna is an interesting case study in terms of territorial resilience to climate change. It is a pioneering city in:
A Look Back on the "Territorial Resilience in a Crisis Context" Webinar (October 22, 2020)
Territorial resilience can be defined as "the capacity of a local actors (individuals, communities, institutions, businesses) to anticipate, react and adapt to the disruptions, whether sudden or slow, that it faces". The territorial resilience approach involves bringing together different sectors and territories to address such challenges.
During this webinar, Frédéric de Dinechin, Senior Knowledge Management Officer at the Center for Mediterranean Integration (CMI), set out the general framework of the effects of climate change in the Mediterranean, one of the world’s most affected regions. He stressed the vulnerabilities of the region, particularly among the poorest populations in the South and East. Finally, he presented the recent World Bank report "Poverty and Shared Prosperity 2020" which assesses the dramatic impact of the health crisis and insists on the fact that the combination of climate - conflict - covid increases poverty, leading to the emergence of a new category of urban extreme poor.
The presentations that followed focused on the tools developed to cope with these challenges: Raffaella Gueze, head of sustainable development at the City of Bologna, insisted on the collaboration with academia to develop an indicator of climate well-being, based on a detailed analysis of both the feeling of the inhabitants (for example in terms of thermal comfort) and the characteristics of the urban territory. The data produced in terms of climatic fragility (heat islands) were then integrated into the urban plan.
For his part, Michel Salem Sermanet, Managing Director of Efficacity, presented this French research and development institute which brings together public research bodies, industrial and private engineering groups, and local stakeholders. Efficacity provides support on two main levels: 1) support for low-carbon districts design, by developing tools, for example in the field of energy; 2) support for urban innovations through on the field testing, for example of energy storage points on the La Défense slab in the Paris metropolitan area.
Subsequently, Michele Sachietti, head of the Territorial Planning Department of the Bologna Metropolis (Città metropolitana) presented the Metropolitan Territorial Plan (PTM), which aims to reduce the consumption of agricultural area to 3% by 2050, while defining in an original way the ecosystems to be preserved, each with its own characteristics: natural, agricultural and urban ecosystems.
Finally, Giovanni Ginocchini, director of the Fondazione Innovazione Urbana, an organization dedicated to the urban, economic and ecological transformation of the City of Bologna, through citizen empowerment, presented several projects including: a participatory data collection initiative at the neighborhood level, as well as the creation of bicycle paths following the health crisis (corona cycleways).