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The main aim of COP23 is to move forward with the implementation of the Paris Climate Agreement by forging a grand coalition to speed up climate actions before 2020.
This includes negotiations on the implementation framework for transparent climate action under the Paris Agreement, as well as showcasing different actions around the globe to reduce green house gas emissions across different sectors, including on vulnerability and resilience of water resources in the face of climate change.
A "Water Action Day" thematic day was dedicated to water security during COP23, at the UNESCO Pavilion. The CMI Mediterranean Water Heroes presented Mediterranean youth-led solutions in the region including "The role of Youth in Bridging Water and Climate Change" and "Water Security and Climate Action from a youth perspective".
Water Security and Climate Action in Mediterranean region. In the Mediterranean region, more than half of most countries’ populations are under 30.Today, young water professionals are highly educated and aware of the challenges facing water and the climate in the region, and have the potential to make a considerable contribution to the sustainable development goals (SDGs) in the region, particularly to SDG 6 which calls for clean water and sanitation.
Most Mediterranean countries, particularly in the Arab region, have been facing severe water insecurity including chronic water scarcity, lack of access to safe water and improved sanitation services, to hydrological extremes such as droughts and floods. Water insecurity is worsening due to population growth, unplanned urbanization, influx of refugees as well as climate change. These factors will all continue to exacerbate stress on socio-economic development and result in greater pressure on water resources and the environment.
Taking youth seriously is not an option but an urgent priority for many Mediterranean countries to achieve water security in fragile contexts. The Youth is the backbone of any society and the most dynamic & vibrant human resource that can take the society on the path of sustainability and inclusive growth. Engaging this vast untapped potential and dynamic energy will lead to a paradigm shift in the water sector. Actively engaging youth in conserving the water resources and promoting economic and social development will be essential to drive societies towards sustainable development.
Today’s water sector in the Mediterranean faces the fundamental challenge of trying to do more with less – not an easy endeavor due to intermittent water supply, ageing infrastructure, lack of information systems, weak institutions and strained human and financial resources. Moreover, water security is more complex in fragile contexts, which intensify water resources vulnerability and weaken the social contract between institutions and local communities as a destabilizing force and risk multiplier.
The status quo is not enough Water is pivotal to reach our SDGs and the Paris agreement, but for that, we need to have a paradigm shift from an infrastructure delivery approach to planning resilient services and nature-based solutions. We need to change how we collaborate, how we draft our policies and implement them in a more holistic way, and find new financing mechanisms for achieving the water SDG.
Youth led solutions for water Cutting-edge youth solutions in solving the multiple challenges of sustainable development have the potential to push the water sector to scaling up, in the face of economic, political and cultural obstacles. In terms of holistic solutions, the role of young water professionals can be summarized as follows: