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The World Bank.
The European Union (EU), the United States, and the Union for the Mediterranean (UfM). Also, IPEMED (Economic Foresight Institute for the Mediterranean Region); KNOMAD (Global Knowledge Partnership on Migration and Development); Tunisia School of Business; Mediterranean School of Business; local business unions and think tanks; trade ministries in the region with a trade and integration strategy, such as Jordan, Morocco, and Tunisia with the Deep and Comprehensive Free Trade Agreement, and Libya with the World Trade Organization (WTO).
Maghreb countries have the lowest percentage of intra-regional trade in goods (the order of 3 to 5% of their total trade), and this percentage has increased slightly since 2000. Economic integration in the Maghreb integration would boost the level of intra-regional trade with major partners in Europe and other emerging countries. According to a recent study, we believe that the shortfall of the "non-Maghreb" amounted to around 1-2% of regional GDP.
Improved network: Regional integration is reinforced by establishing a network of champions from various constituencies to foster business-to-business dialogue and actions and enhance communication among experts in trade facilitation and logistics. This network also seeks to engage with and support the Arab diaspora.