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Just across the Mediterranean – The Transition from COP21 to COP22

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Jan 06, 2016 / 0 Comments
   

France has just hosted COP21 to a very successful conclusion: the 2015 Paris Agreement. This achieved consensus among 196 countries on the most complex and challenging global issue of our time – climate change. It reconciled the widely different perspectives and interests of developing and developed countries, the North-South divide which has been at the heart of the failure to reach climate change agreement for twenty years. It makes global trade negotiations look easy by comparison. France should have every confidence in its diplomatic and political ability. Chapeau!

 

The Paris Agreement addressed how much developing countries should take on climate change mitigation responsibilities even though they did relatively little to cause it, how developed countries should support developing countries financially to help them make those efforts, and how markets can effectively support mitigation.

 

Now it is for France to pass the baton from North to South across the Mediterranean to the host of COP22: Morocco, and to support Morocco in making COP22 a comparable success. In short, to pass from the “COP of decision” to the “COP of implementation” within the Mediterranean space.

 

Indeed, the Mediterranean is a veritable microcosm of the COP challenge. Nowhere else in the world are so many developing countries in such close physical proximity to so many developed ones. About ten percent of the world’s countries clustered together around that narrow sea, sharing an ecosystem, interconnected by infrastructure, exchanging goods and services, seeing the ebb and flow of migrants, travelers, and refugees.

 

So how could France and Morocco, in their common Mediterranean space, show the world what can be done in partnership to move the COP process forward in the critical first year of the Paris Agreement? What powerful symbols could they achieve by the first anniversary in Marrakech to manifest the power of partnership between developed and developing countries?

 

One such symbol would be to reverse the flow on the only electricity interconnection between Europe and North Africa – across the Straits of Gibraltar, where the Mediterranean opens to the outside world. Right now the interconnection transports “grey” electricity North to South, from Spain to Morocco.

 

What if France purchased some “green” electricity from the largest solar plant in the world, at Ouarzazate in Morocco, and the electricity could then flow from South to North? What would that say to the world about climate partnership and financial support? And what would that example do for investment, jobs, and growth as solar energy spread across North Africa in response to such a great market-driven opportunity? How would that look at COP22? What other climate partnerships and path-breaking climate actions could that encourage elsewhere on the globe?

Jonathan Walters

Jonathan Walters is an independent economist specializing in the integration of the Arab and Mediterranean world, with a strong interest in renewable energy and in trade. He is a former World Bank Director of Regional Programs in MENA, and has worked on the region for more than a decade. Mr. Walters initiated the $6 billion scale up of solar power in MENA, led by the World Bank, and financed under PPP arrangements. The most successful example to date is the 500MW Moroccan Noor-Ouarzazate Solar Complex. He is a Senior Visiting Fellow of the Oxford Institute of Energy Studies and a Senior Associate of E3G (the climate change think tank).

 
Dr. Silvia Pariente-David

Silvia Pariente-David is a Senior Advisor on energy at the Center for Mediterranean Integration (CMI). She helped create the CMI Forum on Energy and Climate Change. She has 40 years of experience in managerial positions in financing, advisory and consulting activities in the fields of energy project evaluation, energy market analysis, regional energy market integration and climate policy assessment. Throughout her career, she has thrived to promote regional energy market integration, be it the EU Single Market, the Common Maghreb energy market or the nascent Euro-Mediterranean energy market.

 

While a Senior Energy Specialist at the World Bank, Dr Pariente-David was one of the leaders of the MENA CSP scale-up program, funded by a $750 million grant from the Clean Technology Fund, and the Task Team Leader for the first project under that program, the Noor-Ouarzazate plant in Morocco. Previously, she was leading a consulting team advising major energy companies on their renewable energy strategy, conducting power plant valuation studies and assessing natural gas market value. She also directed DRI/McGraw-Hill (now IHS) World Energy Service, providing clients with oil, natural gas and electricity price forecasts.

 


She holds a PhD in Operations Research from MIT and an Eng. Deg. in Applied Mathematics and Computer Science from ENSIMAG at Institut Polytechnique de Grenoble.

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